Sonoma State University

Art 458
as imagined through...
Digital Imaging
Arts 210


Art 109

Class Schedule:

. 1 - 4

Office Hours:

Mon/Wed 4-5 by appnt.

  John Sappington -

Student Work Library

Course Syllabus

Online Syllabus:
Online Outline:

Recommended Texts in...

Digital Photography & Imaging (general theory)

The Digital Dialectic: New Essays on New Media, Peter Lunenfeld, The MIT Press, 1999
Snap to Grid: A User's Guide to Digital Arts, Media, and Cultures, Peter Lunenfeld, The MIT Press, 2000

Photography/Adobe Photoshop :

Photography, or Short Course in Digital Photography, Current Edition, Prentice Hall

"Photoshop CC for Windows and Macintosh", Elaine Weinmann, Peter Lourekas, Peachpit Press 2005

"The Photoshop CC Book for Digital Photographers"
, Scott Kelby, New Riders Publishing, 2005


Design Writing Research Writing on Graphic Design, Elen Lupton & Abbot Miller Phaidon, 1996

Graphic Design Cookbook: mix and match recipes for faster, better layouts, Leonard Koren & R. Wippo Meckler, Chronicle Books, 1989
Web Style Guide, Patricia J. Lynch and Sarah Horton, Yal
e University Press, 2001

Looking Closer 2, Critical Writings on Graphic Design, Edited by Michael Bierut, William Drenttel, Steven Heller, and DK Holland, Allworth Press, 1997

the abc's of (symbols - triangle, square, circle) : The Bauhaus and Design Theory, Ellen Lupton and J. Abbott Miller, editors, 1999 *reprint.

History of Graphic Design, Philip B. Meggs


Texts on Type, Critical Writings on Typography, Steven Heller and Philip B. Meggs, Allworth Press, 2001

The Thames & Hudson Manual of Typography, Ruari McLean, Thames & Hudson, Ltd., 1980

Great Type and Lettering Designs, David Brier, North Light Books, 1992.
Creative Typography, Marion March, North Light Books, 1988.
Type Design, Color, Character & Use, Michael Beaumont, North Light Books, 1987.
The New Typography, Jan Tschichold, University of California Press, 1995


An introduction to the basic principles and practices of digital production for fine art or personal use. Students will develop and enhance their abilities in the creation of digital artworks. Course introduces use of computer generated imagery, scanning technology, and digital photography.

Outcomes and Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Create digital images with the computer.
2. Utilize a digital camera and the resulting images to produce digital artwork.
3. Operate a scanner and prepare resulting images to produce digital artwork.
4. Properly store and backup digital files.

Topics and Scope:
I. Image File formats
A. Vector
B. Raster
C. File Types and Use

II. Digital Camera and Scanner
A. Hardware Control
B. Resolution
C. Exposure
D. Basic Editing and Image Manipulation Functions

III. Computer Based Imagery
A. Basic Digital Tools Introduction
B. Resolution
C. Basic Editing and Image Manipulation Functions

IV. Transferring and storing digital artwork
A. Presenting artwork on the computer
B. Writing files to cd or dvd.

V. Critiquing Work

VI. Copyright Issues

Assignments may include any or all of the following:
1. Create a digital photogram.
2. Create composited digital images.
3. Make a presentation of digital artwork.
4. Create a backup of digital images to cd or dvd.

STUDENTS PLEASE NOTE: DO NOT BUY TEXTBOOKS before checking with the SRJC Bookstore.
These titles are representative only, and may not be the same ones used in your class.


40% of student grades will be based on class participation.  Students must attend class in order to effectively participate.
50% of student grades will be based on the completion of assignments.  These assignments will not be graded for skill or content, but will be evaluated for technical completion. 10% of the student grade will be determined by the final portfolio presentation.


[Photography Lab Hours] (Schedule subject to change) Photography Equipment Checkout Hours:
Monday–Thursday / 8:30 – 9 am / 12 – 12:30 pm / 3:30 – 4:00 pm

Photography Lab Hours: (see posted schedule for when classes are in session in Art 109) Monday–Thursday / 10 am – 10 pm *except when class is in session
Friday–Saturday / 10 am – 7 pm
Sunday / 10am - 10pm


Hallway lockers within the Department of Art & Art History are available for use each semester. You must provide your own lock and remove your lock and contents of your locker by the end of the last day of finals.


Below is a list of equipment and supplies that you need to purchase for this course. Additional course materials and expenses such as media cards, film, camera accessories, printing paper, etc., will be required throughout the semester.


It is also strongly recommended that you use a mouse or Wacom tablet instead of your track pad on your laptop for editing in Adobe CC.


• Digital SLR, with manual mode at least 6 Megapixel or higher (there are digital cameras for checkout but not enough to guarantee availability throughout the term). Please speak to me if you have any questions on your camera.

• UV filter or skylight filter to protect your lens.
• 3 ring negative binder for contact sheets.
• One art journal.
• Mouse or Wacom tablet (using the track pad on your laptop is not recommended). • Sonoma County Library Card (for access to

Optional (but very useful) Supplies:

• Tripod and cable release
• Camera filter(s): polarizing, yellow, orange and/or red
• Photographic 18% Grey Card/ White Balance Card
• On and off camera flash units and accessories such as a diffuser

[Digital Materials] Epson Printers:

• It is recommended that you purchase Epson Ultra Premium Luster Photo Paper 5 stars inkjet photo paper in sheets of 8 1/2 x 11 inches.

• Other types of papers may be used on the Epson printers but you must first check with me to see if you need to install the paper profile. When testing papers you may want to share a pack of paper with a classmate.

Media Storage:

• 500 GB or larger portable Thunderbolt, USB or FireWire external hard drive (

• Other media options include online storage on sites such as

[Suppliers] Local:

• Looking Glass Photo & Camera, o 1045 Ashby Ave, Berkeley, 510.548.6888

• Jeremiah’s Photo Corner, o 441 Sebastopol Ave, Santa Rosa, 707.544.4800

• Shutterbug Camera Shops,
o 3011-C Santa Rosa Ave, Santa Rosa, 707.546.3456 o One Petaluma Blvd. N, Petaluma, 707.762.4079


• B&H Photo – Video – Pro Audio, • Freestyle Photographic Supplies, • Adorama Camera,
• (used equipment),


• Light Waves Imaging,
o 130 Russ Street, San Francisco, 415.431.9651 o 4810 Telegraph Ave, Oakland, 510.922.8487

• The Lab,
o 400 Tesconi Circle, Santa Rosa, 707.575.5553

• RayKo Photo Center,
o 428 3rd St, San Francisco, 415.495.3773

[Readings] (In addition there will be readings as PDFs that we will discuss in class) Textbook:

• You may gain free access with a local Sonoma county library card. Once you have your card go to > Research > Databases > > enter in your library card number and pin.

• Wells, Liz Photography: A Critical Introduction, 2004. (ISBN-10: 041530704X)

Suggested Reading: (These are not required and many are on reserve at the school library)
• Paul, Christiane Digital Art, 3rd edition, Thames & Hudson World of Art, 2015. (ISBN-

10: 0500204233)
• Martin, Sylvia video art, 3rd edition, Taschen, 2006. (ISBN-10: 3822829501)
• Barrett, Terry Criticizing Photographs: An Introduction to Understanding Images, 4th edition,

Mountain View, CA 2005. (ISBN-10: 0072977434)
• Wells, Liz The Photography Reader, 2002. (ISBN-10: 041524661X)
• Thornton, Sarah Seven Days in the Art World, 2009, (ISBN-10: 039333712X)
• Lunenfeld, Peter Snap to Grid: A User’s Guide to Digital Arts, Media and Cultures, MIT Press,

Cambridge, MA 2000
• Coleman, A. D. The Digital Evolution, Nazraeli Press, New York, NY 1999

Technical reading regarding Digital Imaging:

• Horenstein, Henry Digital Photography: A Basic Manual, 2011, (ISBN-10: 0316020745)
• Galer and Andrews Photoshop CC: Essential Skills: A guide to creative image editing, Focal Press, Oxford,

UK, 2013. (ISBN-10: 0415715717)


• Afterimage,
• Aperture,
• Artforum,
• Art in America, • Blind Spot,
• Cabinet,

[Art Venues] Galleries:

• Daylight,
• Fraction,
• Frieze,
• Lens Culture,
• Magnum,
• Photo District News,

• Sonoma University Art Gallery,, S Sequoia Way, Rohnert Park, 707.664.2295 • SF Camerawork,, 2nd Fl 1011 Market St, San Francisco, 415.487.1011
• Pier 24 Photography,, 24 Pier The Embarcadero, San Francisco, 415.512.7424
• Fraenkel Gallery,, 49 Geary St 5th Fl, San Francisco, 415.981.2661

• Robert Koch Gallery,, 49 Geary St #450, San Francisco, 415.421.0122 • Robert Tat Gallery,, 49 Geary St, San Francisco, 415.781.1122
• RayKo Photo Center,, 428 3rd St, San Francisco, 415.495.3773
• PHOTO Gallery Oakland,, 473 25th St, Oakland


  • San Francisco Museum of Modern Art,, 415.357.4000

  • De Young Museum,, 50 Hagiwara Tea Garden Drive, San Francisco,


  • Berkeley Art Center,, 1275 Walnut St, Berkeley, 510.644.6893

  • UC Berkeley Art Museum,, 510.642.0808

  • Oakland Museum of California,, 1000 Oak St, Oakland, 510.318.8400

  • San Jose Museum of Art,, 110 S Market St, San Jose, 408.271.6840


• Julieanne Kost,
• Adobe TV,
• The Massive Development Chart, • ASMP,
• PhotoShelter,

• Mary Virginia Swanson,
• College Art Association,
• Hyperallergic,
• Strobist,
• Society for Photographic Education,

[Sonoma State University Academic Policies]
University Policies:
There are important University policies that you should be aware of, such as the add/drop policy; cheating and plagiarism policy, grade appeal procedures; accommodations for students with disabilities and the diversity vision statement. See Important Policies and Procedures for Students

Dropping and Adding:

Students are responsible for understanding the policies and procedures about add/drops, academic renewal, etc. How to Add a Class has step-by-step instructions. Registration Information lists important deadlines and penalties for adding and dropping classes.

Campus Policy on Disability Access for Students:

If you are a student with a disability, and think you may need academic accommodations, please contact Disability Services for Students (DSS), located in Salazar Hall, Room 1049, Voice: (707) 664-2677, TTY/TDD: (707) 664- 2958, as early as possible in order to avoid a delay in receiving accommodation services. Use of DSS services, including testing accommodations, requires prior authorization by DSS. See SSU’s policy on Disability Access for Students

Emergency Evacuation:

If you are a student with a disability and you think you may require assistance evacuating a building in the event of a disaster, you should inform your instructor about the type of assistance you may require. You and your instructor should discuss your specific needs and the type of precautions that should be made in advance of such an event (i.e. assigning a buddy to guide you down the stairway). We encourage you to take advantage of these preventative measures as soon as possible and contact the Disability Services for Students office if other classroom accommodations are needed.

Academic Integrity:

Students should be familiar with the University’s Cheating and Plagiarism policy Your own commitment to learning, as evidenced by your enrollment at Sonoma State University and the University’s policy, require you to be honest in all your academic course work. Instances of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated. Cheating on exams or plagiarism (presenting the work of another as your own, or the use of another person’s ideas without giving proper credit) will result in a failing grade and sanctions by the University. For this class, all assignments are to be completed by the individual student unless otherwise specified.

[Additional Resources]
SSU Writing Center:
The SSU Writing Center, located at Schulz 1103, helps SSU students become better writers and produce better written documents. The knowledgeable and friendly tutors can help you with a wide array of concerns, from generating good ideas and organizing papers more clearly to learning citation formats and using semi-colons correctly. Visit the Writing Center website for more information on how to schedule time with a tutor.

Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS):

CAPS is a unit of the division of Student Affairs of Sonoma State University. CAPS offers confidential counseling to students experiencing personal problems that interfere with their academic progress, career or well being. The CAPS website provides information only. If you would like to talk with someone or make an appointment, please call (707) 664-2153 between 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Monday-Friday.

Digital Imaging
(subject to change)


  Week 1


Digital Technology

SylLab:us Overview
Expectations, Requirements, Objectives, Best Practices.

Begin fundamentals of visual phenomenology.

Digital Media Primer


Minimum 5 images in any form - representing your interests.

Email with your current email address - include SRJC Digital Imaging in the subject line.


There is an art department meeting for students on Thursday, Aug. 24 at noon in room 102. All art majors should try and be there. Please announce this the first day of class.

Photo, printmaking, painting, sculpture and ceramics classes all require use of labs outside of class time. It is worthwhile for students to enroll in the appropriate 199 or 399 for their class. They will get
credit for this time spent in the lab, and it will insure that they are allowed to work on Saturdays. Students should add these classes during the add/drop period.


Review - Course Outline
Review - Internet Resources 


Ivan Sutherland
Charles Csuri
David Em

Search Sites: -
  Week 2

What is digital media/new media/electronic arts?

Photograms: objects of art - bring in a collection of objects *to be described for use on the scanner.

Assignment #1:

2 Scanner Photogram/Compositions - raster based image compositions.


Harold Cohen
Lillian Schwartz
Joan Truckerbrod

Search Sites:



  Week 3

Vector / Raster Graphics
File Types


Scanning continues...


"What New Media is Not", Lev Manovich


Nam June Paik
Lynn Hershman-Leeson

George LeGrady

Randall Packer

Search Sites:

Mobile Networks - 06
- Julian Bleecker -

cell phones


wiki - this is general from google. - better page of definitions with links to origin etc...

  Week 4


Best Practices
Background Layer - Duplication
Adjustment Layers


Working between files

Automation Techniques

Graphics Applications - variety



Create 2 - contact sheets of all photograms and assorted files /
could be substituted with mockups/ misuse of the contact automation toward additional composites
(be sure to check the retain layers radio button)


SF Zine - Fest (from Daniel)
Post Secret - Web link from James -

"Principles of New Media",
Lev Manovich


Jaron Lanier
Allan Sekula - wasn't discussed but interesting guy
Sergio Eisenstein

James Turrell + links

Search Sites:

Color Perception

Cambridge Tutorials

Camera Obscura

Defined by wikipedia

by Robert Leggat

Digital Imaging - underlying technical

Camera Sensor
Cambridge Tutorials

Bit Depth

  Week 5 Lecture:

Photoshop cont...
Channel Mixer



Working with multi-layered docs.

Assignment #3 :

2 - Composites /raster based graphics


"Principles of New Media"

basearts - Internet Resources listing - NET ART


Roland Barthes - "Image, Music, Text", "Elements of Semiology", "Pleasure of the Text"
Ted Nelson - Project: Xanadu

Marcos Novak
Jon Ippolito
Mark America
Jodi -

Search Sites:

ZKM - Center for Media and Technology

Media Art Net

HCI Sites

Centre national d'art et de culture Georges Pompidou

A tribute to Nam June Paik

  Week 6


Text and Vectors - manipulations




Marshall Mcluhan
Philip Meggs intro to the mechanical bride - gingko pressWikipedia

John Maeda

Search Sites:


Gingko Press

Bauhaus Archive of Design

  Week 7




Assignment #4 :

2 - Composite compositions /vector based graphics (*includes text)



Matthew Carter
Jan Tschichold
Guillaume Appollinaire

Rudy Vanderlands
Zuzana Licko
Zuzana Licko and Rudy VanderLans - (Emigre)

Search Sites:

Johannes Gutenberg

The golden ratio,

  Week 8


Photoshop: Printing

  • Resolution (review)
  • File Preparation
  • Color Management
  • Color Modes

  • Papers


#4.1 - Working with type - additional - work up a font face of your own design - functionality is not required.

Additional Resources : Typography

- Parts of the Letter
- Typography History Sampler -
- Misc.


Walter Benjamin,
"Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction"


Search Sites:

Printers - Materials - Supplies

PS Print (LA based commercial printer)

Preparing files for print - Pagemaker, Illustrator

Urban Digtial Color (SF, printer)

Digital Art Supplies (San Diego based, print supply )

Northbay Photo Supply (Santa Rosa, based photo supply)
location map

A great site on color and its impact on psyche, the body, the culture, the planet, design, etc. -

Quad Tone Ink Links - True Grayscale printing on an inkjet printer.

B&W Inkset is a set of 4 archival black inks in which 3 have
been diluted with a clear base stock to produce 3 shades of gray and 1

Ultrachrome equivalent Archival color ink. Use for making fine art prints
with high fade resistance. It is for both matte and glossy media.

MIS PRO CARTRIDGES - These cartridges contain MIS PRO Archival color ink.
It is an improved version of the MIS Ultrachrome Equivalent ink. It has
less bronzing and higher gloss. Use for making fine art prints with high
fade resistance on Epson C84, C86, C88, 4000, 7600, 9600 printers. It is
for both matte and glossy media. It can be used for other Epson prints,
but a profile will be required.

Below is the workflow provided by Paul Roark for making Variable Tone
prints using an Epson printer and MIS VM or VMS inks. The MIS variable-mix
ink and the adjustment curves produce beautiful prints that can be either
warm-tone, neutral or cool.

Currently, the main vendors for quadtone inks are MIS Associates,
Piezography, and Lumijet. Check their web sites for lists of currently
supported printers.

Additional Quad Tone Printing Resources

Midterm postponed to Thursday

I've had a family emergency and will not be in class on Tuesday.

Please use the lab time to complete the assignments for Midterm and I'll see you on Thursday.

  Week 9

Mid Term Critiques

Evaluation Form <-- click here
(Please Complete and Submit from your home system)

All assignments scheduled in advance of midterm should be backed up to the mobile drive.

10.24.06 Week 10


Digital Photography




#5 - 5 Images / Series - Sequence


Processing a Digital Image - Handout


Eadweard Muybridge
Duane Michaels
Robert Frank - "Pull My Daisy" in the Library Rm 2015 @ 2:00
Fredrick Sommer

Search Sites:


major modern & contemporary visual artists

artists and art,, the major modern & contemporary visual artists, each artist with portrait, brief biography, links to articles, essays and artist interviews; original art, limited edition art prints, photography and poster art, paintings, multimedia and artist's books & cultural tours.

B&H - Flash Gel and Diffusion Samples

This book has a lot of filters for diffusion.

This book has more colors.

Only have to pay $.01 plus shipping ($4), no gimmick.

Deviant Art

Device/Paper Profiles - additional printing resources

Color Field Guide - how to install and apply
Epson's ICC Profile Guide

Red River Paper -How to Install and apply profiles.Epson(PC)
Red River Color Profiles -How to Epson(MAC)

Processing a Digital Image - best practices/printing - Handout - Processing a Digital Image.pdf

10.31.06 Week 11


"Eadweard Muybridge: Motion Studies" -
Films of Charles and Ray Eames - "Powers of Ten"
Tuesday - 2:00 in Conf. Room

  • Donald Duck In Mathmagic Land

    27 min 27 sec - Jul 3, 2006
    Average rating:   (85 ratings)
    Description: Disney used animation here to explain through this wonderful adventure of Donald how mathematics can be useful in our real life. Through this journey Donald shows us how mathematics are not just numbers and charts, but magical living things.

    Good explanation of the Golden Section compliments of Bee.



  • Elements of Composition




  • Lighting

- Utilizing Ambient Light
- Backlight
- Flash Modes


ARTSEDGE: Formal Visual Analysis: The Elements & Principles of Composition

Formal analysis is an important technique for organizing visual information. In other words, it is a strategy used to translate what you see into written words. This strategy can be applied to any work of art, from any period in history, whether a photograph, sculpture, painting or cultural artifact.


Sharon Lockhart

Search Sites:
11.7.06 Week 12


Artist Lecture Series: German Herrera

12:00 Thurs. Room 102
German will be joining the class after the lecture for an informal discussion around his work, processes, technique, process technique and other things.

Please review the site link below so that you are up on his work and prepared to discuss.

Example questions for the discuss may include but are not limited to:

Does he use photoshop?
What size flash card does he prefer?


Chris Marker - La Jete - in Rm 129 @ 2:00

11.14.06 Week 13

Digital Video


2-5 sequences playing in some loose form with the concept of time /progress/ process.
Convert to multi-frame gif file and submit to mobile drive.



Hollis Frampton

Stan Brakhage

Maya Deren
Meshes of the Afternoon, 1943
Ritual in transfigured time, Maya Deren, 1946

Search Sites:

Batería, piano y Stop Motion - 03:12
Zapper: milinkito
Fecha: 08/11/06 14:04
Visto 130886 veces

11.21.06 Week 14


Digital Audio




Steve Reich
Luc Ferrari
John Cage

Frederick Sommer

The Photographs fo Frederick Sommer: A Centennial Tribute - Sept. 2005

Frederick & Frances Sommer Foundation:

We have to educate our perception; it has to be gathered and shepherded, and it needs something to graze upon.

Frederick Sommer
Art and Aesthetics, 1982

In 1934, Frederick Sommer’s wife, Frances, was hired by the State of Arizona and sent to University Southern California, for six-months of training in social work. Frederick accompanied his wife to Los Angeles. When she was in school, he spent time in the various libraries affiliated with the City of Los Angeles Public Libraries. In a library dedicated to music, Sommer encountered original musical scores, drawn by the composers.

Having been raised with an appreciation for opera and classical music, Frederick Sommer began to explore the correlation between the way great music sounds and the visual qualities of scores that are being played. Although he had not been taught to read music, he was quick to note that the music he most respected and enjoyed also had the more elegant scores.

Search Sites:
11.28.06 Week 15


Audio continues...




Submit 3 sounds in any form for digitization.


Digital Video Primer - pdf

Tape Log Template - pdf


Paul DeMarinis

Pierre Boulez
Erik Satie
Brian Eno
David Byrne

Search Sites:
Digi Design ProTools
Sonic Foundry

12.04.06 Week 16



Exhibition of "It's Raining", collaborative video.

Reading/Search Sites:

Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that offers flexible copyright licenses for creative works.

Electronic Frontier Foundation

Intellectual Property Online: Patent, Trademark, Copyright

U.S. Copyright Office


The Free Expression Policy Project

Photographer Turns MySpace Infringement Into Art Show
December 07, 2006

By Daryl Lang, PDN Newswire

Having seen his photo ripped off on lots of amateur web sites, photographer Arthur During
has embraced the irony of it, and created an exhibition of the infringements.

12.12.06 Week 17


Tuesday, Dec. 12 2 p.m.-3:50 p.m.

Student Work Library

Final Exam is here ---:) > TEST



Jonas Mekas
Rhizome News
December 8, 2006
Lights, Camera, Subscribe
Move over Ze Frank, legendary experimental filmmaker Jonas Mekas is gearing up to start an ambitious video podcast project in 2007. Mekas plans to make a 3-7 minute video each day of year that will be available as a free podcast download. The content will most likely be in the personal diary style the artist has developed over his long career. -- A style which often includes hand-held cameras, voice overs, and music; is often set in New York City; and is always brilliantly edited and ineffably poetic. As with his previous work, which is smattered with guest appearances by the artists' famous friends (John Lennon, Allen Ginsberg) the new podcast is rumored to have guest spots by the likes of Martin Scorsese and Jim Jarmusch! Follow the link below to get a glimpse of Mekas' past films and subscribe to his newsletter for announcements on the upcoming podcast. - Rick Silva